History & Resources

The Greater Hazelwood community of Pittsburgh has always been an integral part of Pittsburgh’s history and continues to influence the city’s development. This resource page provides articles, reports, and historical artifacts which detail the history, demographics, and core strengths of Greater Hazelwood.

Demographic and community reports:

Remaking Hazelwood, Remaking Pittsburgh: A background Study (2007)

Remaking Hazelwood, Remaking Pittsburgh was prepared by Research Associates Elise Gatti and Kim Kinder, under the direction of Luis Rico-Gutierrez, Director of the Remaking Cities Institute. This extensive 142-page document describes community development processes underway in Hazelwood (PDF, 11.0 mb). Notable sections include:

  • Institutional context of redevelopment in Hazelwood — key stakeholders, research groups, and organizations
  • Pittsburgh’s socio-geography: ALMONO site history, labor context, and major historical changes in work patterns
  • Current neighborhood conditions: zoning categories and maps, ALMONO site context, sub-neighborhood characteristiscs
  • Planning initiatives underway: Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) uses and various redevelopment plans
  • Sustainable development planning
  • Neighborhood energy generation: urban energy alternatives
  • Digital modeling tools: spatial analysis

City of Pittsburgh 2010 Census data compilation

This set of data tables includes a variety of measurements based on US Census data in 2010 and some prior administrations (File: PDF, 133 kb). Some tables include:

  • Population by age, race and sex in 2010
  • Change in total population since 1960 through 2010
  • Hispanic population change since 2000
  • Total population by educational attainment
  • Various measurements related to childbearing: female childbearing counts by race, births by race of mother, nonmarital births, births to teenagers, and others.
  • Causes of death city-wide in 2000, 2006-2010, 2001-2005, and 2010

The Hazelwood Neighborhood: Key 2010 Indicators (2012)

Prepared by the University of Pittsburgh’s Center for Urban and Social Research (UCSUR), this 48-page report pulls together data from diverse sources such as the US census, Allegheny county records, the US Postal Service, Pittsburgh Public Schools, and more (File: PDF, 3.3 mb). Together, the data provide key neighborhood metrics illuminating several aspects of community life in Hazelwood:

  • Maps of land use by category, vacant land, public/private property ownership, crime density, and tax delinquency
  • Population measures by age, race, gender, educational attainment, and income
  • Residential sales prices
  • Home ownership rates, tax delinquency status, housing subsidy injections, and vacant units
  • Three-year violent and property crime trends
  • Voter turnout and school attendance patterns
  • Transportation patterns

City of Pittsburgh Neighborhood Profiles: US Census Block group-level data (2010)

The US Census provides data for various geographic scales. The set of tables containing information on the smallest census division–called simply blocks–and their next level aggregate called block groups provides high-resolution demographic information for the entire United States. This report contains 1-page summaries of block group level census data for each of Pittsburgh’s neighborhood, including Hazelwood. Excellent for comparing the social features of various communities that make up Pittsburgh and illuminating the context in which various dimensions of change occur (File: PDF, 1.3 mb).

The ALMONO ‘brownfield’ site report by the Western PA Brownfields Center (2007)

The 178-acre plot of formerly industrial land along the western edge of Hazelwood lies at the center of many redevelopment plans in the region. This short, 4-page report provides a high-level overview of the history, infrastructure, environment, and development potential of the site. Prepared by the Western Pennsylvania Brownfields Center (PDF, 963 kb).


Historical Accounts:

Allegheny Council to Improve our Neighborhoods: Urban Renewal Impact Study Final Report by ACTION Housing (1967)

This 164-page report, published in 1967, was based on research undertaken by ACTION Housing, Inc (File: PDF, 4.7 mb). The report’s introduction summarizes its purpose:

“The Urban Renewal Impact Study is an attempt to define the nature and level of urban renewal activities which will overcome blight and decay and create a more livable and efficient urban environment in Allegheny Country. it is concerned with the economic, social, physical and administrative aspects of renewal. It is essentially a reconnaissance study intended to identify major problems and issues and indicate general direction rather than deal in detail with every specific of renewal.”

Atlas of Hazelwood and Glen Hazel Heights Neighborhoods of Pittsburgh (1977)

Undertaken by the Pittsburgh Neighborhood Alliance, this 23-page report is the result of a general survey of residents in the study area about their opinions of their neighborhood and desires for its future growth (File: PDF, 2.7 mb). In addition to basic demographic and income breakdowns of neighborhood residents, the data include responses to survey questions such as:

  • If you had your choice of where to live, would you continue living in this neighborhood?
  • Do you think this neighborhood has gotten better or worse over the past two years?
  • Subjective ratings of various neighborhood challenges such as “unsafe streets,” “burglary,” and “undesirable people moving into the neighborhood”
  • Satisfaction ratings for various public service sectors: “schools,” “alley maintenance,”  and “condition and cost of housing”

Community Profile of Hazelwood, Glenwood, and Glen-Hazel (1974)

Prepared by the Pittsburgh department of City Planning, this report presents basic demographic and income data for Hazelwood, Glenwood, and Glen Hazel (File: PDF, 1.1 mb). Highlight charts and tables include:

  • Major occupations classifications of residents 14+ years old in 1970
  • Counts and percentages of residents receiving various forms of public assistance
  • Arrests for major crimes in 1972
  • List of community facilities

Historic photos and descriptions of notable sites in Hazelwood and Glen Hazel

Created without attribution, this 6-page document (File: PDF, 814 kb) features five photos of historic locations in the Hazelwood neighborhood with descriptive captions of each:

  • Construction of the first “parklet” in Pittsburgh, located at Elizabeth and Gloster streets. Photo circa 1950
  • Brief narrative of how Hazelwood came to be named
  • Hazelwood school located at 5000 Second Ave
  • Gladstone school, circle 1923
  • Students at Burgwin elementary school at 5401 Glenwood Ave

Photo Essay of Hazelwood’s Housing Stock (2001)

Joanna Beres, an Urban Studies student at the University of Pittsburgh, created this photo documentary essay showing visual changes in Hazelwood’s homes, streets, and businesses over several decades (File: PDF, 884 kb). Categories of documentation include: changes to Main street, changes to second avenue, housing siding styles, rowhouses, and Sylvan avenue.

Managing Layoffs: Experiences at the Challenger Disaster Site and the Pittsburgh Steel Mills (1989)

By Daniel C. Feldman and Carrie R. Leana, published in the journal Organizational Dynamics, 18(1):52–64 · June 1989. This insightful article discusses the process and human impacts of sudden and widespread layoffs and uses two cases to illustrate the core issues involved in such potentially traumatic events: the layoffs in Florida following the Challenger Disaster and the closing of the steel mills in Pittsburgh in the 1980s. Most notably, Hazelwood was home to one of the largest steel mills until its closing in that tumultuous decade and experienced a complex shift in workforce makeup and economic vitality. This is excellent background reading on the connection between changes in industrial makeup and the soul and heartbeat of the communities which existed to supply such systems with labor (File: PDF, 3.0 mb).

‘Something In Hazelwood’s Air’ from the New Pittsburgh Courrier (26 OCT 1985)

A news account by Mattie Trent describing the paradox of Hazelwood residents experiencing negative environmental and health impacts from pollution created by the steel industry–the very industries that provided a vast majority of the jobs for neighborhood residents. Filled with rich quotations and a hazy image, this historical document centers the complex relationship between quality of life, industrial production, and the communities which provide the labor (File: PDF, 127 kb).

 

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